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Comparison of the effect of face-to-face training and training booklet on adherence to treatment regimen in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized clinical trial study
R. Taheri1, A.k. Alamdari2, A. Afrasiabi far1, M.L. Rastian *1
1- Medical Surgical Nursing Department, School of Nursing , Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
2- comunity health nursing department, School of Nursing , Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
Abstract:   (16 Views)
 
 
Introduction & Objective: Diabetes is one of the most costly diseases and in many countries in the age of 20-70 years is the main cause of blindness and the leading cause of amputation in chronic renal failure. Although the effects of diabetes can be prevented or delayed, several studies have reported poor control of diabetes. Therefore, this study was conducted to compare the effect of face-to-face education and training booklet on adherence to diet therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes.
 
Materials and Methods: This study is a clinical trial study in which 120 eligible patients were selected by convenience sampling and randomly assigned to three groups of face-to-face training, booklet training and control group. To collect information, personal and social information form and diet and adherence questionnaire for diabetics were used. The subjects of the two intervention groups were presented with the same content but different teaching methods. Data analysis was performed using SPSS statistical software version 21 using descriptive and inferential statistical methods.
Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in the mean score of all aspects of adherence to the treatment regimen in the patients of the three groups before the intervention (p=0.1). But after the intervention, the dimensions of diet and exercise diet in the mean score of adherence to the treatment regimen of patients in the intervention and control groups were reported to be statistically significant (p=0.001). Except for the domain of drug regimen (P = 0.7), intra-group comparison of the results showed that in the control group, the mean score of adherence to diet therapy (diet, exercise and drug regimen) in all three domains before and after the intervention was different They were not significant with each other (P = 0.8). While in the group of face-to-face training group as well as the educational booklet, the mean score of adherence to the treatment regimen in all dimensions has increased significantly after the intervention (P = 0.005) and (P = 0.001).
Also, no significant difference was reported between patients in the face-to-face education group and patients in the educational booklet group.
 
Conclusion: Both interventions compared to the control group were able to improve the dimensions of adherence to the treatment regimen. However, the effect of face-to-face training and training booklet on the dimensions of adherence to the treatment regimen has been the same. Due to the fact that in many situations, due to limited resources, equipment and manpower, it is not possible to use face-to-face and face-to-face training, so the training booklet method can be used as an alternative.
Keywords: educational booklet, adherence to diet therapy, type 2 diabetes
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/01/18 | Accepted: 2021/07/27 | Published: 2021/09/12
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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
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مجله مهارت‌ها و مراقبت‌های بالینی Journal of Clinical Care and Skills

 
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