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The Survey on the Prevalence of Positive Fungal Cultures in Patients with Chronic Sinusitis undergoing Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery in the City of Yasuj, Southwest of Iran, 2019: A Cross-Sectional Study
D. Razmjoue1, S. Khoramrooz2, M. Jafari Lagharaki3, S. Jafari Lagharaki3, S. Nooripour Sisakht2, M. Zoladl4, Gh.A. Sabz *5
1- Department of Basic Sciences, School of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences
2- Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences
3- Student Research Committee, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences
4- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences
5- Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
Abstract:   (24 Views)
Aim: Sinusitis is the inflammation of the nasal cavity and Paranasal sinuses occurred by pathogen agents such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other allergens.  This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of positive fungal cultures in patients with chronic sinusitis undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery in the city of Yasuj, southwest of Iran, 2019.
Materials & Methods: In this Cross-Sectional Study in 2019, after anaesthesia in the operating room, a physician of ear, nose, and throat drained the sinuses of patients with chronic sinusitis under functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Following specimen collection from evacuated sinuses tissues of eligible patients and moving the specimen to the mycology laboratory, detected the fungi agents using direct smears and specimen culture on sabouraud dextrose agar media. The demographic and background characteristic, information about the location of surgery, and laboratory findings were recorded in the checklist. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21 software, through descriptive statistics. All ethical considerations were respected.
Results: Among the evacuated sinus samples of 60 patients with chronic sinusitis consist of 36 men (60%) and 24 women (40%) with 38.4±11.5 years of age, there were detected 2 Candida parapsilosis (3.3%), 1 Aspergillus.flavus (1.7%), and 1 Aspergillus.niger (1.7%). Therefore, the prevalence of positive fungal cultures in patients with chronic sinusitis undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery in Yasuj, southwest of Iran, in 2019 was 6.7%.
Conclusion: In this study, the prevalence of positive fungal culture in patients with chronic sinusitis was lower than in other studies. This could be due to Yasuj being located in a mountainous region with a cold and dry climate.
Keywords: Chronic sinusitis, Fungal agents, Paranasal sinus
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/06/4 | Accepted: 2021/09/12 | Published: 2021/09/12
* Corresponding Author Address: Yasuj University of Medical Sciences
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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
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مجله مهارت‌ها و مراقبت‌های بالینی Journal of Clinical Care and Skills

 
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