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Comparing the Effect of Reflexology and Effleurage Massages on Fatigue and Insomnia in Multiple Sclerosis Patients
Sh. Sehat Nejad1, A. Pour Samad *2, M. Behnam Moghadam3, A. Mousavi zadeh4, N. Kaydani5
1- School of Nursing,Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
2- School of Nursing, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
3- School of Nursing, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences
4- Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Social determinants of Health Reaserch center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran ., Yasuj University of Medical Sciences
5- School of Nursing, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, ahvaz, Iran, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (58 Views)
Background:Multiple Sclerosis is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Patients’ quality of life is a key issue in chronic diseases; fatigue and insomnia are considered as the common complications influencing their life.. Aim:The present study investigated the influence of reflexology, i.e. foot reflex points massage, and effleurage massage on the severity of fatigue and insomnia among MS patients.
Method: This is a clinical trial study conducted on 90 MS patients in Ahvaz city. The selected patients were simple randomly assigned into three groups of reflexology massage, effleurage massage, and control. The intervention was performed in the reflexology and effleurage groups twice a week: each time 40 minutes and 20 minutes for every foot. The intervention courses for reflexology and effleurage massage groups was eight weeks. The control group was merely treated by the medication prescribed by the pertinent physician. The data were collected using demographic questionnaire, Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) before and after the intervention.
Results: Following the intervention, there was a significant difference between them (P1, 2, 3 0.001), indicating that the reflexology intervention has a greater effect on fatigue severity amongst the patients as compared to the effleurage massage. The results indicated that the effect of interventions on fatigue severity was the same in both groups of reflexology and effleurage (P1, 2 = 0.069); however, compared to the control group, this effect on insomnia severity diminished in reflexology and effleurage groups
(P1, 3 and P2, 3 0.001).
Conclusion:It appears that applying reflexology and effleurage massage therapy techniques can be helpful to reduce the severity of fatigue and insomnia in MS patients. Accordingly, studied techniques are suggested as effective, safe, and inexpensive nursing interventions.
Keywords: Multiple Sclerosis, reflexology massage, effleurage massage, fatigue, insomnia
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/06/19 | Accepted: 2021/09/4 | Published: 2021/09/12
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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
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مجله مهارت‌ها و مراقبت‌های بالینی Journal of Clinical Care and Skills

 
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