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:: Volume 1, Issue 2 (spring 2019) ::
JCCS 2019, 1(2): 81-87 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Caffeine on Coughing in Children Aged 3-36 Months: A Randomized Clinical Trial
M Tagrian Esfahani1, K Keshavarz *2, A Keshtkari3, H Sadeghi Mansourkhani4, M Akbartabar Toori5, M Zoladl5
1- Student Research Committee, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
2- Pediatric Cardiology Department, Medicine Faculty, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3- Pediatric Medicine Department, Medicine Faculty, Yasuj University of Medical ciences, Yasuj, Iran
4- Medicinal Plants Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
5- Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
Abstract:   (157 Views)
Aims: Coughing is one of the most common clinical complaints in pediatric medicine. Since caffeine, as a central nervous system stimulant from methylxanthine, inhibits tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) and leukotriene synthesis and reduces inflammation and initiates the immune process, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of caffeine on coughing in children aged 3-36 months.
Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial study in 2015, among children referred to the Shahid Mofateh Pediatric Clinic of Yasuj, 120 children aged 3-36 months with coughing due to bronchiolitis, lower respiratory viral disease, increased airway sensitivity, or moderate persistent asthma were selected by convenience sampling method. They were assigned in intervention (reciving salbutamol and caffeine) and control (reciving salbutamol alone) groups by quadratic block randomization. In addition to completing demographic information at the beginning of the study, data on daily and nocturnal cough at the beginning of the study, 48 hours, 1 week, and 2 weeks after starting the drug were recorded. The data were analyzed by SPSS 21 software, using Mann-Whitney test, Chi-square or Fisher's exact test, generalized estimating equation, Friedman, and Wilcoxon statistical tests.
Findings: Daily cough and nocturnal cough significantly decreased in the intervention group at 48 hours, 1 and 2 weeks after beginning the treatment (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Prescription of caffeine with salbutamol is effective in accelerating improvement of cough in children.
 
Keywords: caffeine, wheezing, cough, child
Full-Text [PDF 738 kb]   (16 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/11/6 | Accepted: 2019/01/28 | Published: 2019/06/26
* Corresponding Author Address: Pediatric Cardiology Department, Namazi Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Zand Blvd., Shiraz, Iran
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Tagrian Esfahani M, Keshavarz K, Keshtkari A, Sadeghi Mansourkhani H, Akbartabar Toori M, Zoladl M. Effect of Caffeine on Coughing in Children Aged 3-36 Months: A Randomized Clinical Trial . JCCS. 2019; 1 (2) :81-87
URL: http://jccs.yums.ac.ir/article-1-56-en.html


Volume 1, Issue 2 (spring 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله مهارت‌ها و مراقبت‌های بالینی Journal of Clinical Care and Skills
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